Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Maize grain, Europe

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 86.3 1.0 81.8 90.5 11791
Crude protein % DM 9.4 0.8 7.2 12.4 11175
Crude fibre % DM 2.5 0.4 1.6 3.8 4230
NDF % DM 12.2 1.4 9.6 15.3 261
ADF % DM 3.0 0.4 2.3 3.7 259
Lignin % DM 0.6 0.2 0.2 1.2 213
Ether extract % DM 4.3 0.4 3.1 5.7 5643
Ash % DM 1.4 0.1 1.1 2.1 3508
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 73.4 1.6 67.5 78.8 9662
Total sugars % DM 2.1 0.6 1.1 3.5 481
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.7 0.1 18.6 19.1 92 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 0.5 0.3 0.1 1.4 547
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.0 0.2 2.4 3.6 881
Potassium g/kg DM 3.9 0.3 3.3 4.4 29
Sodium g/kg DM 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 113
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.2 0.1 1.0 1.4 28
Manganese mg/kg DM 5 2 3 9 11
Zinc mg/kg DM 21 8 9 38 10
Copper mg/kg DM 2 0 2 3 15
Iron mg/kg DM 37 12 23 73 16
 
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Alanine % protein 7.4 0.3 6.9 8.0 74
Arginine % protein 4.5 0.4 3.6 5.2 75
Aspartic acid % protein 6.5 0.3 5.6 7.1 74
Cystine % protein 2.3 0.2 1.9 2.8 100
Glutamic acid % protein 18.2 0.9 16.8 20.1 74
Glycine % protein 3.7 0.3 3.3 4.2 72
Histidine % protein 2.8 0.2 2.5 3.1 65
Isoleucine % protein 3.5 0.2 3.2 3.9 77
Leucine % protein 12.0 0.7 10.8 13.4 76
Lysine % protein 3.1 0.3 2.6 3.7 184
Methionine % protein 2.1 0.2 1.8 2.4 108
Phenylalanine % protein 4.8 0.2 4.4 5.2 77
Proline % protein 8.8 0.4 8.1 9.8 47
Serine % protein 4.8 0.2 4.3 5.2 74
Threonine % protein 3.6 0.1 3.3 3.9 83
Tryptophan % protein 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.8 50
Tyrosine % protein 3.7 0.4 3.1 4.4 54
Valine % protein 4.8 0.2 4.4 5.3 77
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 88.5 88.5 89.5 2 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 86.1 86.1 87.5 2 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 16.1 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 13.6 13.6 13.8 2 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 66.3 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 88.0 2.7 80.0 88.9 10 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 16.5 0.5 15.0 16.7 10 *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 16.1 *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 12.9 *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 80.8 5.0 78.9 90.0 5 *
 
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 15.4 0.2 15.4 16.1 17 *
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 15.1 15.1 15.6 2 *
 
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, rabbit % 78.2 74.2 78.2 2 *
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 14.6 0.8 14.1 15.6 3
MEn rabbit MJ/kg DM 14.3 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

ADAS, 1988; AFZ, 2011; Antongiovanni et al., 1980; Aufrère et al., 1988; Barrier-Guillot et al., 1993; Baudet et al., 1986; Belibasakis, 1984; Benchaar et al., 1991; Bochi-Brum et al., 1999; Bourdon et al., 1973; Bourdon et al., 1982; Bourdon et al., 1982; Carré et al., 1986; Castaing et al., 2003; CIRAD, 1991; Cirad, 2008; Conan et al., 1992; Dönicke et al., 1995; Etienne, 1985; Fernandez Carmona et al., 1996; Février et al., 1972; Frigg, 1976; Lessire et al., 2003; Maupetit et al., 1992; Métayer et al., 2001; Noblet et al., 1997; Noblet et al., 2000; Noblet, 2001; Perez et al., 1979; Perez et al., 1981; Perez, 1989; Piras et al., 1995; Sequeira et al., 2000; Skiba et al., 1999; Skiba et al., 2000; Skiba et al., 2005; Umucalilar et al., 2002; Van Cauwenberghe et al., 1996; Wainman et al., 1984; Wolter et al., 1982

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:26

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