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Feedipedia

Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 
Chanvre indien, kénaf, ambari hemp, bastard jute, bimli jute, deccan hemp, indian hemp, java jute, kenaf, mesta, chanvre de Bombay, ambari, dekkanhanf, gambohanf, kenaf, wild stockrose, Deccan hemp
Related feed(s) 
Description 
Erect shrub 1-1.5 m high, with many branches and leaves covered with hair. Leaves palmately cut, 10-15 cm long. Flowers 5-8 cm in diameter, light yellow with dark-purple centre. Fruit conical, 1-2 cm long containing numerous hairy seeds. Sometimes cultivated for fibre, which is used in bag manufacturing. New varieties used as a raw material in the paper industry may become important as cattle feeds.
Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 
The stem is largely cellulose which can be digested by ruminants and contains relatively large amounts of ether extract which can serve as a source of energy. The leafy parts of the new varieties often contain as much as 30% protein. Young plants ensile easily.
Nutritional tables

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Crude protein % DM 13.1 1
Crude fibre % DM 11.6 1
Ether extract % DM 2.1 1
Ash % DM 11.8 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 16.8 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 33.1 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.5 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Nehring et al., 1943

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:25

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Crude protein % DM 25.7 1
Crude fibre % DM 11.4 1
Ether extract % DM 3.3 1
Ash % DM 10.6 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.1 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

INFIC, 1978

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:25

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 91.5 1
Crude protein % DM 27.2 1
Crude fibre % DM 25.1 1
Ether extract % DM 15.4 1
Ash % DM 6.1 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 22.2 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 6.0 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 6.3 1
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 50.7 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 11.3 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Groenewald et al., 1967

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:25

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Crude protein % DM 15.0 1
Crude fibre % DM 19.9 1
Ether extract % DM 5.8 1
Ash % DM 8.2 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.8 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 20.8 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 5.0 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Patel, 1966

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:25

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Crude protein % DM 30.1 1
Crude fibre % DM 10.9 1
Ether extract % DM 1.9 1
Ash % DM 9.1 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.3 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

INFIC, 1978

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:25

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/141 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 17:13

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