Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Fonio (Digitaria exilis) grain

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 
Fonio, white fonio, acha, hungry rice
Related feed(s) 
Description 
Annual grass suited to poor sandy soils. Cultivated as a cereal in West Africa where it is used mostly for human consumption.
Nutritional aspects
Nutritional attributes 
The grain can be used efficiently for all classes of livestock. Of interest as a feed for monogastric animals because of its high methionine content.
Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 88.8 2.0 85.3 91.2 6
Crude protein % DM 8.5 1.3 7.4 11.0 6
Crude fibre % DM 3.4 3.9 0.4 9.4 6
NDF % DM 7.8 1
ADF % DM 2.2 1
Lignin % DM 0.3 1
Ether extract % DM 1.7 1.2 0.3 3.4 6
Ash % DM 5.8 5.4 0.3 14.5 6
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 86.5 1
Total sugars % DM 0.2 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.3 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 1.0 0.9 0.2 2.2 4
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.1 1.2 0.6 3.2 4
Potassium g/kg DM 1.8 1
Magnesium g/kg DM 0.9 1
Manganese mg/kg DM 8 1
Zinc mg/kg DM 27 1
Copper mg/kg DM 4 1
 
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Arginine % protein 3.8 1
Cystine % protein 2.8 1
Glycine % protein 3.2 1
Histidine % protein 2.1 1
Isoleucine % protein 4.0 1
Leucine % protein 9.8 1
Lysine % protein 2.6 1
Methionine % protein 5.6 1
Phenylalanine % protein 5.1 1
Threonine % protein 4.0 1
Tryptophan % protein 1.4 1
Tyrosine % protein 3.6 1
Valine % protein 5.8 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 86.8 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 82.7 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 14.3 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.0 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 84.8 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 14.6 *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 14.3 *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 11.6 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Carbiener et al., 1960; CIRAD, 1991; Cirad, 2008; Mongodin et al., 1965; Oyenuga, 1968

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:12

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/228 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 17:13

Image credits 
Share this