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Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 
Quinoa, quinua, canihua
Synonyms 
Chenopodium hircinum subsp. milleanum Aellen
Related feed(s) 
Description 
Annual herb 1-2 m tall that matures in five to six months. Important pseudocereals; plants that are not grasses but produce small white, red or black seeds mainly used in making bread and similar food products. Grown in the Andes at altitudes where maize will not grow. The chemical composition of the two species is approximately the same.
Nutritional aspects
Potential constraints 
Raw seed causes depresses the growth rate in both chickens and swine owing to the presence of bitter-tasting saponins in the seed coat. Saponins can be removed from the grain by repeated thorough washing, a process that can be shortened by adding lime to the water. Cooking also helps remove both the bitter taste and the toxic effects.
Sajama, a Bolivian variety, is practically free of saponins
Ruminants 
The leaves and stalks can be fed to ruminants.
Pigs 
The chaff and gleanings from threshing are generally fed to pigs.
Poultry 
In poultry-feeding trials, chicks fed a ration containing cooked quinua made equal gains to those receiving maize and skim milk.
Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 89.2 1.9 85.9 90.6 5
Crude protein % DM 15.2 1.3 14.0 16.9 5
Crude fibre % DM 2.8 0.7 2.1 3.9 5
Ether extract % DM 7.3 1.0 6.2 8.8 5
Ash % DM 3.0 0.5 2.4 3.7 5
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 60.5 3.3 58.1 64.2 3
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 19.4 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 1.1 0.3 0.9 1.4 3
Phosphorus g/kg DM 4.1 0.6 3.6 4.7 3
Potassium g/kg DM 11.2 3.2 8.5 14.8 3
Sodium g/kg DM 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 3
Magnesium g/kg DM 2.6 0.5 2.2 3.1 3
Manganese mg/kg DM 30 12 19 43 3
Zinc mg/kg DM 18 6 12 24 3
Copper mg/kg DM 7 1 6 8 3
Iron mg/kg DM 102 23 80 125 3
 
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Cystine % protein 1.6 1
Lysine % protein 5.3 1
Methionine % protein 1.9 1
Threonine % protein 3.5 1
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 85.7 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 16.6 *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 12.6 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

De Bruin, 1964; De Bruin, 1964; Jacobsen et al., 1997

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:51

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/229 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 17:13

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