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Rain tree (Albizia saman)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 

Cow tamarind, french tamarind, monkey pod, rain tree, arbre de pluie, saman

Synonyms 

Samanea saman (Jacq.) F. Muell., Calliandra saman (Jacq.) Griseb., Enterolobium saman (Jacq.) Prain, Feuilleea saman (Jacq.) Kuntze, Inga saman (Jacq.) Willd., Zygia saman (Jacq.) Lyons

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Lofty canopied tree with a large symmetrical crown. An advantageous shade tree as the fernlike leaflets close up at night, permitting rain to fall through to the grass beneath.

Nutritional aspects
Potential constraints 

Rich in tannins.

Ruminants 

The long black pods and the leaves relished for fodder.Withstands lopping and can be maintained at any desired height by judicious pruning. The foliage esteemed as livestock fodder.

Nutritional tables

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 37.6 2.8 34.4 39.3 3
Crude protein % DM 24.7 4.6 22.1 30.0 3
Crude fibre % DM 29.2 0.2 29.0 29.4 3
Ether extract % DM 5.9 2.1 3.5 7.1 3
Ash % DM 5.2 1.2 3.5 6.1 4
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 20.3 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 12.8 2.4 10.0 14.2 3
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.6 1.0 2.0 3.8 3
Potassium g/kg DM 9.7 1
Sodium g/kg DM 0.3 1
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.3 1
Zinc mg/kg DM 125 1
Copper mg/kg DM 3 1
Iron mg/kg DM 362 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 66.0 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 63.1 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.8 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.0 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Bhannasiri, 1970; Devendra et al., 1970; Gowda et al., 2004; Holm, 1971

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:59

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 83.1 3.1 79.5 85.0 3
Crude protein % DM 16.6 3.3 12.8 19.0 3
Crude fibre % DM 12.0 2.2 10.5 14.5 3
Ether extract % DM 1.4 0.7 0.7 2.1 3
Ash % DM 3.5 0.9 2.4 4.6 4
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.5 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 3.9 1.8 2.8 5.9 3
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.4 2.2 1.4 5.7 3
Potassium g/kg DM 12.2 1
Magnesium g/kg DM 0.7 0.5 0.9 2
Zinc mg/kg DM 128 1
Copper mg/kg DM 10 1
Iron mg/kg DM 14 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 90.2 *
ME ruminants (FAO, 1982) MJ/kg DM 12.1 1
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 41.0 1
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 71.3 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 13.2 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Barnett, 1926; CIRAD, 1991; Devendra et al., 1970; Gowda et al., 2004; Thomas et al., 1976

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:45:00

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 86.5 1
Crude protein % DM 31.6 1
Crude fibre % DM 14.0 1
Ether extract % DM 6.0 1
Ash % DM 4.3 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 20.3 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 1.6 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.4 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 89.6 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 68.1 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 13.8 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Barnett, 1926

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:45:00

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/256 Last updated on November 9, 2014, 12:31

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