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Golden shower tree (Cassia fistula)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 

Golden shower tree, pudding-pipe tree, purging cassia

Synonyms 

Bactyrilobium fistula Willd., Cassia bonplandiana DC., Cassia excelsa Kunth, Cassia fistuloides Collad., Cassia rhombifolia Roxb., Cathartocarpus excelsus G. Don, Cathartocarpus fistula Pers., Cathartocarpus fistuloides (Collad.) G. Don, Cathartocarpus rhombifolius G. Don

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Medium-sized tree with large compound leaflets 5-15 cm long and large clusters of bright-yellow cascading blossoms. Pods up to 1 m long.

Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 

Twigs commonly lopped for fodder.

Rabbits 

Cassia fistulaleaves extracts are known for their antidiarrhoeal activity demonstrated in laboratory studies with rabbits or guinea pigs (Gupta et al., 1993). Some extracts from leaves or flowers have a significant antibacterial activity and other interesting pharmacological activities, and are used in traditional south Asian pharmacopoeia (Gobianand et al., 2010; Voon et al., 2012). But no study on the use of C. fistula leaves as potential forage in rabbit feeding seems available (October 2013). In addition it's important to remind that a strong antifertility activity of leaves or seeds extracts was demonstrated in the male or the female rat (Priya et al., 2010 & 2012)

Thus, the use of C fistula leaves or other parts of this tree could not be recommended in rabbit feeding until availability of positive direct experimentations.

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 33.3 1
Crude protein % DM 17.7 17.6 17.8 2
Crude fibre % DM 25.8 21.4 30.2 2
NDF % DM 35.4 1
ADF % DM 23.1 1
Lignin % DM 6.3 1
Ether extract % DM 7.6 7.5 7.8 2
Ash % DM 10.3 7.8 12.7 2
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 19.2 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 32.7 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.3 1
 
Secondary metabolites Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Tannins (eq. tannic acid) g/kg DM 0.2 1
Tannins, condensed (eq. catechin) g/kg DM 0.0 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 69.4 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 66.4 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.7 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.1 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

CIRAD, 1991; Malik et al., 1967

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:15

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/325 Last updated on November 6, 2013, 17:14

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