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Animal feed resources information system
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Tobacco oil meal

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 

Tobacco

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Only the leaf of the tobacco plant is commercially important, and the other parts are usually wasted. The varieties grown for cigarette tobacco are usually allowed to flower and bear seeds. The seeds are very small, and as only a minor fraction of the total production is needed for seeding purposes, they are a by-product which can be put to good use.

Nutritional aspects
Potential constraints 

The seeds are entirely free of the poisonous alkaloid nicotine present in the leaves.

Ruminants 

Tobaco seeds are rich (35-40%) in edible semidrying oil, and the oilcake can be used as feed for ruminants. Up to 2.8 kg per day per head have been fed to dairy cows. In southern Ethiopia chewed tobacco leaves are spit into the throats of sheep and oxen. The animals like this and seem to grow better as a result, possibly because the nicotine helps kill internal parasites.

Poultry 

Chickens experimentally given 25% whole tobacco seeds and 75% commercial feed in the first ten weeks of life gained as fast and efficiently as those given only commercial feed.

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 87.6 86.7 88.5 2
Crude protein % DM 36.4 35.9 36.9 2
Crude fibre % DM 26.9 25.2 28.5 2
Ether extract % DM 0.6 0.4 0.7 2
Ash % DM 14.5 13.8 15.2 2
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.0 *
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 49.2 41.0 57.5 2
ME ruminants (FAO, 1982) MJ/kg DM 7.2 6.1 8.4 2
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 71.0 67.4 74.5 2
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 47.9 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 8.6 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Comberg et al., 1952; Maymone et al., 1948

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:45:15

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/33 Last updated on June 10, 2010, 16:08

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