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Goose grass (Eleusine indica)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 

Crabgrass, crowfoot grass, goose grass, wire grass, yard grass, eleusine d'Indes, eleusine des Indes, pied de poule, capim da cidade, capim de burro, capim pé de galinha, grama de coradouro, grama sapo, grama de caballo

Synonyms 

Cynosurus indicus L., Eleusine japonica Steud.

Related feed(s) 
Description 

An annual 30-60 cm high ; weed on cultivated land.

Distribution 

Widespread throughout the tropics of the eastern hemisphere

Nutritional aspects
Potential constraints 

The leaves are said to contain cyanogenetic glycosides which are harmful to stock, especially when the leaves are wilted.

Ruminants 

Palatable pasture, but contains harmful cyanogenetic glycosides; can be used without danger, however, for hay or silage.

Rabbits 

Literature on the use of Eleusine indica in rabbit feeding is very scarce. However this grass must be considered as a potential feed for rabbits because it is traditionally used by farmers as green forage to feed their rabbits in Central Java during the wet season, and in some areas during the dry season too (Prawirodigdo, 1985). If the protein level is classical for a green grass (12.9%), the calcium and phosphorus contents are very low: 0.2 and 0.1% DM respectively (Asongwed-Awa et al., 2003).

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 27.0 7.2 19.3 38.4 8  
Crude protein % DM 11.0 3.0 6.0 15.4 9  
Crude fibre % DM 29.0 3.8 23.7 35.9 8  
NDF % DM 64.5         *
ADF % DM 34.2         *
Lignin % DM 4.1         *
Ether extract % DM 2.8 0.6 2.2 3.8 5  
Ash % DM 10.5 1.9 7.4 13.3 9  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.0         *
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 5.1 1.7 3.8 7.6 5  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.5 1.1 1.4 3.8 5  
Potassium g/kg DM 21.2 8.0 12.0 26.6 3  
Sodium g/kg DM 0.3   0.1 0.5 2  
Magnesium g/kg DM 2.1 0.4 1.7 2.6 4  
Manganese mg/kg DM 92       1  
Zinc mg/kg DM 40 19 19 57 3  
Copper mg/kg DM 8 1 7 9 3  
Iron mg/kg DM 508   484 531 2  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 68.3         *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 65.2         *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 11.7         *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 9.5         *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Bhannasiri, 1970; CIRAD, 1991; Holm, 1971; Orden et al., 1999; Sen et al., 1965; Zaharaby et al., 2001

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:15

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 92.1 1
Crude protein % DM 3.5 1
Crude fibre % DM 35.8 1
NDF % DM 70.9 *
ADF % DM 41.7 *
Lignin % DM 5.8 *
Ether extract % DM 1.1 1
Ash % DM 9.9 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.5 *
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 56.8 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 53.4 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 9.4 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 7.6 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 0.0 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Fraps, 1929

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:15

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/446 Last updated on January 19, 2016, 9:49

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