Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Cockspur grass (Echinochloa crusgalli) forage

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 
Panic, panisse, millet du Japon, barnyard millet, chiwaga, billion dollar grass, barnyard grass, cockspur grass, echinochloa pied de coq, pied de coq, hühnerhirse, sanwak, arrocillo, pata de gallo, pie de gallina, zacate de agua, water grass, song chang (Viet Nam).
Synonyms 
Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. spiralis (Vasinger) Tzvelev, Echinochloa crus-galli var. edulis Hitchc., Echinochloa crus-galli var. mitis (Pursh) Peterm., Echinochloa spiralis Vasinger, Panicum crus-galli L. (basionym), Panicum crus-galli var. mite Pursh
Related feed(s) 
Description 
Tall robust annual, 60-120 cm high, cultivated as a cereal in the tropics and subtropics. If sown during the rainy season, reaches maturity in about six weeks with good yields of rather coarse fodder. Fertile, moist but well-drained soils required for high yields. Grows vigorously, tolerates temporary flooding, and can sometimes already be grazed three weeks after sowing. Strip grazing recommended, starting when the crop is 30-40 cm high; can be grazed five times. Often occurs as a weed in rice and cotton. Suitable for ensiling, but too succulent for easy haymaking.
Distribution 
Tropics and subtropics
Nutritional tables

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 24.3 5.1 19.2 29.3 3
Crude protein % DM 12.4 4.4 7.4 15.6 3
Crude fibre % DM 28.4 25.7 31.1 2
NDF % DM 64.0 *
ADF % DM 33.6 *
Lignin % DM 4.0 *
Ether extract % DM 2.7 0.2 2.5 2.9 3
Ash % DM 10.6 2.5 8.6 13.4 3
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.0 *
 
Secondary metabolites Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Tannins (eq. tannic acid) g/kg DM 0.6 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 66.8 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 63.9 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 11.5 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 9.3 *
ME ruminants (gas production) MJ/kg DM 9.5 1
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 57.0 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Dongmeza et al., 2009; Khanum et al., 2007; Phelps et al., 1896

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:00

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 89.1 1
Crude protein % DM 13.5 1
Crude fibre % DM 22.7 1
NDF % DM 58.6 *
ADF % DM 27.3 *
Lignin % DM 2.6 *
Ether extract % DM 2.5 1
Ash % DM 10.4 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.8 *
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 73.0 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 69.3 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.4 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.0 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 60.0 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Newlander, 1935

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:01

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/451 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 17:13