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Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) crop residue and straw

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 

Bambara bean, bambara groundnut, congo goober, ground bean, hog-peanut, Congo groundnut, earth pea, njugo bean, Bambarra groundnut, Congo earth pea, kaffir pea, Madagascar groundnut, stone groundnut [English]; pois bambara, voandzou [French]; bambarra, guandsú, guisante de tierra, maní de bambarra [Spanish], jinguba de cagambe [Portuguese]; Kacang bogor [Bahasa Indonesia]; قاموس آجروفوك [Arabic]; gongongu (pl. gongonji), gorosgoros, biriji daɓɓi, biriji damuɗi, ngalaa-wu/ji, ngalgalaa-wu/ji [Fulfulde]

Synonyms 

Glycine subterranea L., Voandzeia subterranea (L.) Thouars ex DC. (USDA, 2009)

Description 

Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) is an annual, creeping leguminous plant, grown primarily as its edible seeds. In Africa, Bambara groundnut is the third eaten legume after groundnut and cowpea (Omoikhoje, 2008). Bambara groundnut processing results in by-products such as groundnut shells or groundnut offals (after milling). These by-products and the seeds can be fed to animals. The leafy shoots are also used as fodder (Brink et al, 2006).

Distribution 

Bambara groundnut originated from West Africa (Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic and Chad) and has been cultivated throughout drier tropical Africa. In Southern Africa, Zimbabwe is the centre of production. It can also be found in tropical parts of America, Asia and Australia but the present degree of cultivation outside Africa is basically negligible.

Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 

The haulms are a valuable cattle feed.

Nutritional tables

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 90.2 1
Crude protein % DM 14.5 13.0 15.9 2
Crude fibre % DM 30.2 28.8 31.7 2
Ether extract % DM 1.8 1
Ash % DM 9.5 7.5 11.4 2
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.2 *
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 61.1 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 57.6 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.5 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.4 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 65.9 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

CIRAD, 1991; Walker, 1975

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:40

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 94.3 1
Crude protein % DM 7.7 1
Crude fibre % DM 22.7 1
Ether extract % DM 1.1 1
Ash % DM 5.4 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.9 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 8.8 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 1.3 1
Potassium g/kg DM 10.9 1
Magnesium g/kg DM 3.6 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

CIRAD, 1991

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:45:26

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/531 Last updated on July 1, 2013, 11:54

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