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Feedipedia

Malanga (Xanthosoma sagittifolium)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 

New cocoyam, tania, yautia, chou Caraïbe, malanga marron, taye, tayove, tania, adão, costela de adão, malanga, ocumo, tanier, tiquisque blanco, yautía blanca

Synonyms 

Arum sagittifolium L., Caladium sagittifolium (L.) Vent.

Related feed(s) 
Description 

The New World analogue of Colocasia, from which it can be distinguished by its darker leaves and its unjoined basal lobes. The trunk can be up to 1.5 m high and the leaves are large. It produces solid bulbs in the form of an underground stem.

Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 

Cattle, sheep and goats like the leaves, which are unusually nutritious for leaves of a root crop and compare favourably with good pasture.

Pigs 

The roots can be fed cooked to pigs (Göhl, 1982). Raw peeled taro corms fed to growing pigs failed to produce gain unless a protein supplement was used (Soldevila et al., 1978).

Nutritional tables

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 16.0 1
Crude protein % DM 13.7 4.5 22.9 2
Crude fibre % DM 6.2 2.4 10.0 2
Ether extract % DM 3.8 0.5 7.2 2
Ash % DM 8.9 3.2 14.6 2
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.8 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 9.0 0.1 17.8 2
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.8 1.1 6.4 2
Potassium g/kg DM 14.6 1
Magnesium g/kg DM 0.7 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

CIRAD, 1991; Devendra et al., 1970

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:32

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 29.5 1
Crude protein % DM 8.2 1
Crude fibre % DM 11.4 1
Ether extract % DM 1.3 1
Ash % DM 8.5 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.0 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 72.2 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 12.3 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Devendra et al., 1970

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:32

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 5.8 1
Crude protein % DM 13.0 1
Crude fibre % DM 15.6 1
Ether extract % DM 2.4 1
Ash % DM 21.4 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 15.3 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Devendra et al., 1970

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:32

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 31.0 3.7 27.1 34.5 3
Crude protein % DM 6.8 0.2 6.5 6.9 3
Crude fibre % DM 2.3 2.1 2.6 2
ADF % DM 9.2 1
Ether extract % DM 0.3 0.2 0.4 2
Ash % DM 4.5 1.3 3.4 5.9 3
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.1 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 1.4 0.5 0.9 1.9 3
Phosphorus g/kg DM 10.2 14.6 1.5 27.0 3
Potassium g/kg DM 24.3 1
Sodium g/kg DM 2.1 1
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 86.4 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 14.7 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Cerning-Beroard et al., 1976; Devendra et al., 1970; URZ, 2009

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:32

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 24.1 1
Crude protein % DM 5.9 1
Crude fibre % DM 1.3 1
Ether extract % DM 0.1 1
Ash % DM 4.9 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 16.8 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 88.1 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 14.8 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Devendra et al., 1970

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:32

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/548 Last updated on May 2, 2011, 14:41

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