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Cissus (Cissus quadrangularis)

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 

Veldt-grape, winged treebine, devil's backbone, asthisamharaka, adamant creeper, hadjod, pirandai [English]; vid hiedra [Spanish]; umubogora [Kinyarwanda]; হাড়জোড়া [Bengali]; हड़जोड़ [Hindi]; ചങ്ങലംപരണ്ട [Malayalam]; பிரண்டை [Tamil]; เพชรสังฆาต [Thai] 

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Cisssus quadrangularis is a deciduous, woody climber belonging to the grape family. Stems are succulent, quadrangular, sometimes pubescent at the angles. Leaves are simple and reniform. Fruits are ovoid, red when ripe (Aluka, 2009). In South Africa, it is used by farmers for treating worm infestations and coughs in livestock (Kunene et al., 2003). It is an important medicinal plant in Southern and South East Asia. In India, stems are also eaten fried or curried (Aguilar, 2001).

Distribution 

It is widespread in the tropics: tropical Africa, Arabia, Madagascar, India and Sri Lanka. It is naturalized in Vietnam, Thailand, Java, the Moluccas and the Philippines. It thrives in arid or semi-arid regions, near the coast and up to an altitude of 300 m (Aguilar, 2001).

Environmental impact 

Cissus quadrangularis is reported to be a noxious weed in Oman, destroying other shrubs, particularly acacias, by climbing and smothering them (Osman, 2001).

Nutritional aspects
Potential constraints 

It is suspected to cause significant loss of livestock (sheep and goats) in the Sudan (Barakat et al., 1985).

Ruminants 

It is unpalatable to animals (Okoti et al., 2004).

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 
References
Datasheet citation 

Heuzé V., Tran G., 2016. Cissus (Cissus quadrangularis). Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/593 Last updated on April 12, 2016, 16:37

English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ)