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Feedipedia

Triticale

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Synonyms 

x Triticale hexaploide E. Larter, x Triticosecale rimpaui Wittm.

Related feed(s) 
Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 87.1 1.3 83.6 90.6 2637
Crude protein % DM 11.7 1.3 9.1 16.3 2622
Crude fibre % DM 2.7 0.4 1.9 3.8 1225
NDF % DM 14.6 1.6 11.1 18.0 155
ADF % DM 3.7 0.4 2.9 4.6 163
Lignin % DM 1.1 0.2 0.7 1.7 128
Ether extract % DM 1.5 0.3 1.0 2.3 822
Ash % DM 2.1 0.2 1.7 2.7 748
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 67.6 2.1 62.0 72.2 1820
Total sugars % DM 3.7 1.0 2.4 6.4 70
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.1 0.2 17.9 18.7 64 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.4 175
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.9 0.3 3.2 4.7 252
Potassium g/kg DM 5.8 0.8 4.7 7.9 17
Sodium g/kg DM 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 29
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.2 0.3 0.4 1.7 19
Manganese mg/kg DM 24 14 11 69 17
Zinc mg/kg DM 27 11 15 50 17
Copper mg/kg DM 6 3 3 16 16
Iron mg/kg DM 39 15 26 66 6
 
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Alanine % protein 4.1 0.3 3.5 4.5 40
Arginine % protein 5.2 0.3 4.3 5.6 54
Aspartic acid % protein 6.1 0.5 5.2 7.0 41
Cystine % protein 2.4 0.2 2.0 2.6 53
Glutamic acid % protein 25.8 1.7 22.9 28.6 42
Glycine % protein 4.2 0.2 3.8 4.5 47
Histidine % protein 2.3 0.1 2.0 2.5 55
Isoleucine % protein 3.5 0.3 2.9 3.9 57
Leucine % protein 6.4 0.3 5.6 7.0 57
Lysine % protein 3.5 0.3 3.0 4.0 90
Methionine % protein 1.6 0.1 1.4 1.9 55
Phenylalanine % protein 4.4 0.3 3.7 5.0 56
Proline % protein 9.4 0.5 8.5 10.2 24
Serine % protein 4.5 0.1 4.2 4.8 45
Threonine % protein 3.2 0.2 2.8 3.4 60
Tryptophan % protein 1.2 0.1 1.0 1.3 30
Tyrosine % protein 2.9 0.2 2.4 3.2 46
Valine % protein 4.6 0.2 4.0 5.1 57
 
Physical parameters Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Specific viscosity (AFNOR) ml/g DM 4.24 1.28 2.19 7.26 30
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 88.1 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 85.4 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 15.5 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.9 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 69.5 *
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 77 77 78 2
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 86.2 1.4 83.5 87.9 17 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 15.6 0.2 15.1 15.9 18 *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 15.1 *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 11.9 *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 83.9 2.8 77.6 87.6 18 *
 
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 14.2 0.3 13.8 14.6 7 *
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 13.5 1.2 12.1 14.2 3 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

ADAS, 1988; AFZ, 2011; AIRFAF, 1998; Al-Athari et al., 1988; Aufrère et al., 1991; Aw-Yong et al., 1983; Batterham et al., 1989; Bourdon et al., 1982; Charmeley et al., 1987; Cilliers et al., 1998; Fialho et al., 1995; Halvorson et al., 1983; Haydon et al., 1991; ITCF, 1993; Johnson et al., 1988; Karunajeewa et al., 1984; Karunajeewa et al., 1987; Leterme et al., 1989; Leterme et al., 1991; Mossé et al., 1988; Noblet, 2001; Perez et al., 1986; Rundgren, 1988; Skiba et al., 2000; Taverner et al., 1981; Umucalilar et al., 2002; Vilariño et al., 2005

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:45:26

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 31.6 21.6 41.6 2
Crude protein % DM 12.4 8.4 5.0 28.4 10
Crude fibre % DM 29.2 1
NDF % DM 49.8 12.9 31.3 70.2 6
ADF % DM 30.5 7.8 18.9 41.0 9
Lignin % DM 3.8 0.9 2.2 4.6 6
Ether extract % DM 2.7 0.2 2.5 2.8 3
Ash % DM 6.6 1.1 5.2 8.6 7
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.3 *
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 68.5 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 65.5 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.0 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 9.7 *
a (N) % 39.0 1
b (N) % 54.0 1
c (N) h-1 0.040 1
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=4%) % 66 *
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 61 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

CIRAD, 1991; Djouvinov et al., 1998; Fulkerson et al., 2008; FUSAGx/CRAW, 2009; McCartney et al., 1994

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:45:35

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 92.5 2.3 90.1 95.0 5  
Crude protein % DM 3.2 1.0 2.1 4.1 5  
Crude fibre % DM 39.2 3.2 35.4 42.9 5  
NDF % DM 75.1         *
ADF % DM 47.5         *
Ether extract % DM 2.2 0.1 2.1 2.4 4  
Ash % DM 5.4 1.4 4.1 7.7 5  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.7         *
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 2.7 1.0 1.3 3.6 4  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4 4  
Potassium g/kg DM 12.0 2.1 9.3 14.4 4  
Sodium g/kg DM 0.1   0.0 0.1 2  
Magnesium g/kg DM 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.2 4  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 49.9         *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 46.9         *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.8         *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 7.2         *
               
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 16.1         *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 3.0         *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 2.7         *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 1.4         *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Alibes et al., 1990; CIRAD, 1991; Pozy et al., 1996

Last updated on 08/02/2013 11:37:01

References
References 
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/6476 Last updated on September 19, 2012, 18:19

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