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Cockspur grass (Echinochloa crusgalli) grain

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 
Panic, panisse, millet du Japon, barnyard millet, chiwaga, billion dollar grass, barnyard grass, cockspur grass, echinochloa pied de coq, pied de coq, hühnerhirse, sanwak, arrocillo, pata de gallo, pie de gallina, zacate de agua, water grass, song chang (Viet Nam).
Synonyms 
Echinochloa crus-galli subsp. spiralis (Vasinger) Tzvelev, Echinochloa crus-galli var. edulis Hitchc., Echinochloa crus-galli var. mitis (Pursh) Peterm., Echinochloa spiralis Vasinger, Panicum crus-galli L. (basionym), Panicum crus-galli var. mite Pursh
Related feed(s) 
Description 
The head of cockspur millet is a panicle containing small seeds. The seeds remain enclosed in the hulls hulls after threshing.
Distribution 
Tropics and subtropics
Nutritional aspects
Nutritional attributes 
Millets are relished by all kinds of livestock. As the seeds are hard, they should be ground or crushed before being fed to cattle and hogs; however, whole seeds or unthreshed bundles can be fed to poultry, although whole seeds are about 5% less digestible for poultry than ground seeds are.
If maize is available, a mixture of millet and maize generally performs better in pigs and poultry diets than either alone. Millet not merely improves weight gains and feed conversion, but also tends to produce a whiter, firmer fat in pigs than is obtained with maize alone. When millet is the only grain used for feeding, the performance is generally somewhat lower than with maize, for instance.
Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 90.7 1
Crude protein % DM 8.4 1
Crude fibre % DM 5.9 1
Ether extract % DM 3.6 1
Ash % DM 6.0 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.7 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 1.1 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 4.5 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 82.0 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 80.8 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 14.3 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Vargas et al., 1965

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:00

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/720 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 17:13

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