Bothriochloa insculpta establishes quickly during the warm season to form dense swards (DAF, 2013). It should be sown on a well-prepared seedbed that has been fallowed for N accumulation and weed control. Good residual moisture should be available at the time of sowing. Seeding can occur during early spring or mid-summer (in areas where summer rains are frequent). It is possible to undersow creeping bluegrass into standing oats or barley stubbles, which if the stubbles are then grazed by animals will ensure the seeds are covered by their hoof action (DAF, 2013). Seeds should be broadcasted or drilled no deeper than 10 mm. As the seeds are fluffy it may be useful to mix them with fertilizers or sawdust to sow them. Rolling after sowing is necessary to maintain the seed in contact with moist soil. N fertilizer is not necessary and uneconomic but N from companion legumes can provide sufficient N to stimulate the grass (DAF, 2013; Cook, 2007).
Bothriochloa insculpta is generally grown in pure stands or in stands where a mixture of creeping bluegrass varieties has been sown. When other species are desired, companion legumes like Aeschynomene villosa, leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala), alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and Stylosanthes spp. should be chosen. However, Bothriochloa insculpta may outcompete legumes (Cook et al., 2005).
Creeping bluegrass yields 10 t DM/ha in pastures and up to 15-20 t DM/ha in fields where fertilizer and irrigation are available (Cook et al., 2005).
Bothriochloa insculpta withstands heavy grazing, and its proportion in the pasture increases with grazing density (Cook, 2007). Grazing can start as soon as seedlings have developed a strong root system. In stands where creeping bluegrass is undersown within cereal stubbles, the trampling of animals promotes stolon rooting. In summer, grazing is recommended to prevent the stand from becoming woody. In mixed stands with Stylosanthes humilis, creeping bluegrass should be grazed to 10-15 cm. With siratro, grazing down to a height of 30 cm is recommended (Skerman et al., 1990).
Hay and silage
Creeping bluegrass can be cut for hay before the stems become too coarse. Creeping bluegrass hay is scented and not much appreciated by animals. The hay is eaten by horses, beef cattle and sheep (Skerman et al., 1990). Dairy cattle do not eat it readily.