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Beet molasses

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 

Beet molasses, sugar beet molasses, sugarbeet molasses

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Beet molasses are the syrupy by-product of the production of sugar from sugar beets roots.

Distribution 

Available worldwide. One million tons molasses are produced annually in France. 40% molasses are used for animal feeding. Cane molasses is mostly found in coastal areas; sugar beet molasses is found in the whole country (institut de l'élevage).

Nutritional aspects
Nutritional attributes 

Beet molasses is used like sugar-cane molasses. It has the same feed value but tends to be more laxative; the amounts of beet molasses fed should be less than those recommended for sugarcane molasses.

Potential constraints 

Molasses high sugar content may have deleterious effects on rumen where they cause lesions similar to parakeratosis: molasses must then be fed as a concentrate and used in combination with high fibre content roughage. The excess of potassium might have depressive affect on appetite by filling rumen with water (Bernard et al., 1991).

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 75.7 1.8 71.0 80.4 529
Crude protein % DM 14.3 1.5 11.4 17.9 461
Crude fibre % DM 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.3 9
Ether extract % DM 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 4
Ash % DM 12.7 1.6 10.2 17.9 471
Total sugars % DM 63.2 3.6 55.5 70.4 397
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 15.5 0.5 14.7 16.6 10 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 1.1 0.6 0.3 2.9 108
Phosphorus g/kg DM 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.8 108
Potassium g/kg DM 51.2 8.2 34.8 68.4 63
Sodium g/kg DM 7.2 2.2 3.9 15.5 131
Magnesium g/kg DM 0.6 1.0 0.1 3.2 9
 
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Alanine % protein 1.8 1
Arginine % protein 0.8 1
Aspartic acid % protein 5.4 1
Cystine % protein 0.6 1
Glutamic acid % protein 47.8 1
Glycine % protein 1.7 1
Histidine % protein 0.5 1
Isoleucine % protein 2.6 1
Leucine % protein 2.6 1
Lysine % protein 1.4 1
Methionine % protein 0.2 1
Phenylalanine % protein 0.4 1
Proline % protein 0.9 1
Serine % protein 2.1 1
Threonine % protein 0.6 1
Tyrosine % protein 2.6 1
Valine % protein 1.8 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 88.7 6.1 80.8 96.3 7
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 88.4 7.0 79.7 97.5 7
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 13.7 1.1 12.0 14.8 6 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 11.4 0.7 10.3 12.0 6 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 72.1 16.2 34.3 87.2 8 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 89.9 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 13.9 *
 
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 12.3 *
 
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, rabbit % 91.9 *
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 14.2 1
Nitrogen digestibility, rabbit % 78.6 1
MEn rabbit MJ/kg DM 13.6 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

ADAS, 1986; AFZ, 2011; Hindrichsen et al., 2004; Huhtanen, 1988; Karalazos et al., 1988; Maertens et al., 1985; Murphy et al., 1993; Steg et al., 1985; Vargas et al., 1965; Woodman, 1945

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:36

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/711 Last updated on December 5, 2011, 20:55

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