Crimson bluestem (Schizachyrium sanguineum (Retz.) Alston) is a tropical grass used for pasture
Schizachyrium sanguineum is a perennial grass. It is robust, tufted erect or creeping, sometimes shortly rhizomatous (Quattrocchi, 2006; Hitchcock et al., 1951). Its erect culms can reach 60-120 (-300) cm in height (Quattrocchi, 2006; Clayton et al., 2006). Culms are reddish in colour, sparingly branching at the upper nodes. The leaf blades are flat linear, acute, 6-30 cm long, 2-4 mm wide. The inflorescence is racemose, 6-10 cm long, the base included in the somewhat dilated sheath (Hitchcock et al., 1951). There are two types of spikelets: sessile spikelets about 6 mm long, the awn 10-15 mm long, pedicellated spikelets much reduced (Quattrocchi, 2006; Hitchcock et al., 1951). The pedicels and first glumes of sessile spikelets are hairy, red in colour. The rachis is straight and glabrous (Quattrocchi, 2006; Hitchcock et al., 1951). The latin name of the genus,"schizachyrium" is derived from ancient Greek "schizein" and "achyron" meaning "splitting chaff".
Crimson bluestem is mainly used as fodder: it provides good pasture when young. It can also be used for thatching and matting (Odinma et al., 2013; Quattrocchi, 2006).