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Animal feed resources information system
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Feedipedia

Golden millet (Setaria sphacelata)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 
  • Var. anceps : golden bristle grass, golden millet, south African pigeon grass, rhodesian grass, setaria, capim setária, napierzinho, pasto san juan, pasto miel, fleo dorado, golden timothy.
  • Var. splendida : broadleaf setaria, splendida setaria, sekoi, bunga bunga, ya taiwan, cỏ đuôi chó, co ro'om, queue de chien, golden timothy
Synonyms 

Var. anceps (Stapf) Veldkamp : Setaria anceps Stapf, Setaria anceps Stapf var. sericea Stapf, Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E. Hubb. var. sericea (Stapf) Clayton, nom. illeg.
Var. spendida (Stapf) Clayton : Setaria splendida Stapf

Description 

Stout, usually tufted perennial with stems up to 1.8 m high. A variable species, of which numerous subspecies and varieties have been described. Adapted to areas with over 600 mm of rain annually. Withstands drought and waterlogging. Prefers moist fertile soils. Grazed or cut only during the rainy season as it is unproductive in dry periods. One of the first grasses to produce fresh growth at the onset of the rains. The Nandi variety is superior to most for higher rainfall areas at high altitudes. The Kazungula variety is very tall and leafy with thick stems and broad bluish-green leaves.

Nutritional aspects
Potential constraints 

The herbage is rich in oxalic acid.

Ruminants 

It is used for grazing and for cutting, giving high yields. For grazing it should never be higher than 20-30 cm.

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 22.8 6.3 14.2 39.9 218
Crude protein % DM 7.2 2.6 3.7 14.6 270
Crude fibre % DM 38.3 3.6 30.4 44.5 256
NDF % DM 73.3 3.3 63.0 75.9 21 *
ADF % DM 44.5 4.2 32.6 46.2 18 *
Lignin % DM 6.4 1.6 2.6 7.4 12 *
Ether extract % DM 2.0 0.6 1.1 3.6 241
Ash % DM 10.0 2.4 5.8 14.9 265
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.0 18.0 19.9 2 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 2.9 0.9 1.2 5.0 244
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.3 0.7 1.1 4.0 243
Potassium g/kg DM 26.1 10.0 10.4 47.0 226
Sodium g/kg DM 1.4 1.4 0.2 4.3 10
Magnesium g/kg DM 2.0 0.6 1.1 3.4 221
Manganese mg/kg DM 172 58 83 263 11
Zinc mg/kg DM 27 11 12 41 11
Copper mg/kg DM 7 2 5 10 11
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 58.5 3.9 58.5 74.6 7 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 55.9 55.9 67.4 2 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.1 10.1 13.4 2 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.1 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 67.5 13.7 44.1 77.4 7

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Aumont et al., 1991; Butterworth, 1963; CIRAD, 1991; Gerdes et al., 2000; Kabuga et al., 1993; Mlay et al., 2006; Nasrullah et al., 2003; Pozy et al., 1996; Scaut, 1959; Sen et al., 1965; Singh et al., 1992; Van Rensburg, 1956; Van Wyk et al., 1951; Yadav et al., 1991

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:15

References
References 
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/381 Last updated on May 5, 2012, 18:36

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