Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Para grass (Brachiaria mutica)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 

Angola grass, buffalo grass, California grass, corigrass, cori grass, Dutch grass, giant couch, Mauritius grass, Numidian grass, panicum grass, Paragrass, Para grass, Penahlonga grass, Scotch grass, watergrass, water grass; Spanish: Admirable capin, Egipto, gramalote, grama de Pará, hierba de Pará, hierba del Pará, malohillo, Nilo, Pará, Paraná, pasto admirable, pasto de laguna, pasto malojillo, pasto Pará, yerba del parral, zacate Pará; Portuguese: Angola, bengo, capim Angola, capim angolinha, capim Colônia, capim de boi, capim de muda, capim fino, capim de planta, capim de Pará; French: herbe de para; Indonesia: rumput malela, sukut kolonjono, jukut inggris; Thai: ya khon; Vietnamese: cỏ lông tây (Miles et al., 1996)

Synonyms 

Brachiaria numidiana (Lam.) Henrard; Brachiaria purpurascens (Raddi) Henrard; Panicum amphibium Steud.; Panicum barbinode Trin.; Panicum equinum Salzm. ex Steud.; Panicum molle Sw.; Panicum muticum Forssk.; Panicum numidianum Lam.; Panicum pictigluma Steud.; Panicum punctatum Burm.f.; Panicum punctulatum Arn. ex Steud.; Panicum purpurascens Raddi; Panicum sarmentosum Benth.; Paspalidium punctatum (Burm.f.) A. Camus; Setaria punctata (Burm.f.) Veldkamp; Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) Nguyen; Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) R.D. Webster ex Zon (Quattrocchi, 1996)

Description 

A grass with very long trailing stems reaching 2.5 m and broad hairy leaves. Grows well only in poorly drained soils in high-rainfall areas or on seasonally wet land. Withstands waterlogging and is dormant in dry season. Has proved a very satisfactory green manure crop in pineapple fields. Growers of this grass must prevent its invasion of irrigation ditches and ponds. In some areas, ponds have been completely covered with floating layers of vegetation thick enough to support the weight of grazing cattle. Easily established from cuttings or pieces of creeping shoots planted 1-2 m apart. Weeds are eventually suppressed because of the competitive vigour of this grass.

Environmental impact 

Invader

Para grass is considered an invader in Australia (Williams et al., 2000).

Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 

Should be grazed rotationally as it does not withstand heavy grazing. Often used as green chopped forage; not suitable for silage.

Nutritional tables

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 27.5 7.1 16.3 41.9 251
Crude protein % DM 7.9 3.0 3.7 15.8 295
Crude fibre % DM 35.7 2.7 28.7 40.0 294
NDF % DM 68.5 4.0 66.0 80.3 37 *
ADF % DM 41.9 4.4 33.4 50.0 37 *
Lignin % DM 6.2 1.3 3.6 10.0 35 *
Ether extract % DM 1.6 0.5 0.9 3.0 267
Ash % DM 9.6 1.9 6.1 13.8 297
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.0 0.4 17.9 19.7 27 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 3.4 0.8 1.9 5.3 278
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.4 0.9 0.9 4.3 281
Potassium g/kg DM 18.1 6.6 7.0 31.5 256
Sodium g/kg DM 3.7 2.4 0.7 8.7 39
Magnesium g/kg DM 2.5 0.6 1.5 4.1 244
Manganese mg/kg DM 174 76 53 357 54
Zinc mg/kg DM 46 16 25 85 53
Copper mg/kg DM 9 3 4 15 53
Iron mg/kg DM 1493 2096 250 3913 3
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 53.4 10.2 39.3 77.0 14 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 51.1 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 9.2 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 7.4 *
ME ruminants (gas production) MJ/kg DM 6.4 1
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 52.6 15.9 26.0 73.5 14

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Aumont et al., 1991; Butterworth, 1963; CIRAD, 1991; Dirven, 1962; FUSAGx/CRAW, 2009; Gowda et al., 2004; Gowda et al., 2005; Ho Quang Do et al., 2002; Holm, 1971; Khanum et al., 2007; Loosli et al., 1954; Nasrullah et al., 2003; Nguyen Van Thu et al., 2009; Pozy et al., 1996; Prasad et al., 2005; Richard et al., 1989; Singh et al., 1992; Work, 1937

Last updated on 27/11/2012 14:26:00

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 86.6 2.8 82.9 91.7 17
Crude protein % DM 7.5 2.0 4.2 12.4 17
Crude fibre % DM 33.1 1.7 30.3 36.9 17
NDF % DM 68.7 68.7 81.8 2 *
ADF % DM 39.0 39.0 53.3 2 *
Lignin % DM 5.5 5.3 7.7 2 *
Ether extract % DM 1.9 0.2 1.6 2.1 17
Ash % DM 10.4 0.9 8.9 12.3 17
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.7 17.7 18.1 2 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 3.2 1.7 1.0 6.3 9
Phosphorus g/kg DM 4.0 0.9 2.6 5.7 12
Potassium g/kg DM 15.5 9.7 4.7 34.4 11
Sodium g/kg DM 3.1 3.0 0.8 8.2 8
Magnesium g/kg DM 2.2 0.9 1.4 3.6 4
Manganese mg/kg DM 117 94 140 2
Zinc mg/kg DM 84 65 102 2
Copper mg/kg DM 12 11 12 2
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 52.7 49.0 52.7 2 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 50.3 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.9 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 7.2 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 42.5 8.7 35.0 50.0 4

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Chandrasekaran et al., 1989; CIRAD, 1991; Holm, 1971; Holm, 1971

Last updated on 27/11/2012 14:26:29

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Crude protein % DM 14.0 1
Crude fibre % DM 31.0 1
NDF % DM 64.4 *
ADF % DM 36.7 *
Lignin % DM 4.9 *
Ether extract % DM 2.2 1
Ash % DM 8.1 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.6 *
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 62.5 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 59.8 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 11.1 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.9 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Dirven, 1962

Last updated on 27/11/2012 14:26:53

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Crude protein % DM 5.9 1
Crude fibre % DM 41.5 1
NDF % DM 69.8 *
ADF % DM 48.3 *
Lignin % DM 7.7 *
Ether extract % DM 0.8 1
Ash % DM 6.3 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.5 *
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 49.0 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 46.8 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.7 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 7.0 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Dirven, 1962

Last updated on 27/11/2012 14:27:12

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 21.6 16.9 26.3 2
Crude protein % DM 12.1 8.7 15.4 2
Crude fibre % DM 29.9 27.2 32.7 2
NDF % DM 65.7 *
ADF % DM 35.5 *
Lignin % DM 4.7 *
Ether extract % DM 3.5 3.4 3.5 2
Ash % DM 10.1 8.4 11.8 2
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.3 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 4.6 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 4.6 1
Potassium g/kg DM 10.6 1
Sodium g/kg DM 1.9 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 60.4 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 57.7 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.6 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.5 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 43.1 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 7.9 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Bhannasiri, 1970; Holm, 1971

Last updated on 27/11/2012 14:27:33

References
References 
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/486 Last updated on August 25, 2011, 10:25

Image credits