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Mendes et al., 2005. Rev. Bras. Zootec., 34 (2): 679-691

Document reference 
Mendes, A. R. ; Ezequiel, J. M. B. ; Galati, R. L. ; Bocchi, A. L. ; Queiroz, M. A. A. ; Feitosa, J. V., 2005. Intake, total and partial digestibility of diets with sunflower meal and three energy sources in confined steers. Rev. Bras. Zootec., 34 (2): 679-691
Alternative title 

Consumo e ilidigestibdade total e parcial de dietas utilizando farelo de girassol e tres fontes de energia em novilhos confinados

Abstract 

Feed intake, partial and total digestibility and nitrogen balance were evaluated in confined steers. Three crossbreed steers, rumen and duodenum cannulated, were allotted to two 3 x 3 Latin square experimental design. The experimental diets were composed by corn silage (60%) and concentrate with sunflower meal as protein source and ground corn as energy source (MI). The ground corn was partially substituted by soybean hulls (CS) or by corn germ meal (FGM). Lignin and indigestible ADF (iADF), NDF (iNDF) and lignin (i-lignin) determined by 144 h of in vitro digestion were used as markers to estimate the total and partial diet digestibility of diets. The fiber intake was higher on CS diet, however no effect on dry matter intake was observed. Lignin underestimated significantly the digestibility. Indigestible ADF, iNDF and i-lignin was able to estimate total digestibility, however iADF and i-lignina did not estimate adequately the partial digestibility. Ruminal ADF digestibility was influenced by diets with higher values for CS and similar values for FGM, in relation to MI. Total ADF digestibility was higher in diet CS, but the other nutrients digestibility were not affected by different energy sources. Energy digestibility and NDT values did not differ among diets, with average of 61.5%. Soybean hulls and corn germ meal, on partial substitution of ground corn, were satisfactory alternative sources for inclusion on steer diets.

Citation key 
Mendes et al., 2005
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