Animal feed resources information system
Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa) panicle

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FAO report on The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021 is now available. It presents the first global assessment of food insecurity and malnutrition for 2020. Hunger will not be eradicated by 2030 unless bold actions are taken to accelerate progress, especially actions to address inequality in access to food. Gender inequality being one main driver with prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity being 10 percent higher among women than men in 2020, compared to 6 percent in 2019. The report highlights the need for a deeper reflection on how to better address the global food security and nutrition situation.

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Tomato plants

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) leaves and crop residues (stubble, stalk... Read more

Macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia), fruit, nut, and kernel

The macadamia tree (Macadamia integrifolia Maiden & Betche, Macadamia... Read more

Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), leaves, Kew Gardens, London

The jackfruit tree (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) is a tropical to subtropical... Read more

Assyrian plum (Cordia myxa) foliage and fruits

The Assyrian plum (Cordia myxa L.) is a multipurpose, perennial, medium sized,... Read more

Colocynth (Citrullus colocynthis) habit and fruits

The colocynth (Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.) is a member of the cucurbits... Read more

Borneo tallow nut oil cake is the product resulting from the oil extraction of the fruit... Read more

Annatto (Bixa orellana L.) is a tropical and subtropical perennial shrub or... Read more

Niger (Guizotia abyssinica) crop

Niger (Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass.) is an oilseed crop cultivated in... Read more

Marula (Sclerocarya birrea) tree

Marula (Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst.) is a multipurpose deciduous... Read more

Bengal indigo (Indigofera arrecta) stand

Bengal indigo (Indigofera arrecta Hochst. ex A. Rich.) is a multipurpose, stout... Read more

Peach palm (Bactris gasipaes) infrutescence

The peach palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth) is a dual-purpose tropical tree... Read more

Tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) are one of the major vegetables and... Read more

Bitter melon (Momordica charantia) climbing habit

The bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) is an horticultural species from the... Read more

Gamba grass (Andropogon gayanus), tufted ceaspitose habit

Gamba grass (Andropogon gayanus Kunth) is a perennial leafy grass of tropical... Read more

Zornia (Zornia glabra Desv.) is a perennial legume grown for forage in Latin... Read more

False Rhodes grass (Trichloris crinita) habit in cultivated stand

False Rhodes grass (Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi) is a perennial grass... Read more

Blackseed grass (Chloris virgata) stand

Blackseed grass (Chloris virgata Swartz.) is a tropical and subtropical annual... Read more

Hairy indigo (Indigofera hirsuta L.) is a subtropical and tropical legume shrub... Read more

Sesame (Sesamum indicum) seeds

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is a tropical and subtropical plant cultivated for... Read more

African sheepbush (Pentzia incana) habit

African sheepbush (Pentzia incana (Thunb.) Kuntze) is an aromatic rounded... Read more

Asna (Terminalia elliptica) habit

Asna (Terminalia elliptica Willd.) is a medium to large deciduous tree native to... Read more


Broadening horizons

By M. Wadhwa, M. P. S. Bakshi and Harinder P. S. Makkar

The acute shortage of feedstuffs in Asian, Middle East and African countries has prompted Animal Nutritionists to explore new non-conventional feed resources that do not compete with human food. The most promising among these, available in plenty, are fruit and vegetable wastes (FVWs). Currently most FVWs are dumped in wastelands causing environmental pollution. Citrus fruit (Mausambi/sweet lime or kinnow) waste, available in bulk, is rich in nutrients and bio-active compounds. Studies revealed that kinnow waste, after sun drying or ensiling with poor quality crop residues, can be effectively utilized as animal feed, to enhance animal production, mitigate environmental pollution and decrease feeding cost.


Recent resources

The role of livestock in food security, poverty reduction and wealth creation in West Africa The role of livestock in food security, poverty reduction and wealth creation in West Africa - Molina-Flores et al., 2020. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Accra, 2020

Livestock is key to 377 million people in West Africa and in some countries, up to 60% of the population is involved in livestock production. The demand for animal products is increasing with population growth, urbanization, growing middle class, and due to shifting consumer preferences towards animal products. To meet this growing demand, countries in West Africa must engage in accelerated sustainable livestock production undertaking. Livestock development is key to eradicate hunger and poverty. This book attempts to provide up-to-date, and reliable information on the potentials, opportunities, and challenges of the livestock subsector in West Africa. 

Pulses and their byproducts as animal feed Pulses and their by-products as animal feed - Sherasia et al., 2017. In: Calles, T.; Makkar, H. P. S. (Eds), FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy

This document provides a state-of-the-art review of the recent research (published and unpublished) on the use of pulses and their by-products as animal feed. It aims at raising awareness on the use of pulses and their by-products. It highlights the nutritional role of pulses and pulse by-products as animal feed and is a contribution to the legacy of the 2016 International Year of Pulses. This document will further enhance the use of these feed resources in other continents, besides Asia, where many pulse by-products are simply dumped. It is also expected that the synthesis presented contributes to make the use of pulses and their by-products as animal feed more efficient. This document will be useful for extension workers, researchers, feed industry, policy-makers and donors alike.

Opinion paper: A regional feed action plan – one-of-a-kind example from East Africa Opinion paper: A regional feed action plan – one-of-a-kind example from East Africa - Opio et al., 2020. Animal, 1-4

Open access document. This paper puts forward a case for formulation of a regional animal feed action plan (RAFAP) and highlights its potential benefits.

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