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Komwihangilo et al., 1995. Livest. Res. Rural Dev, 6 (3)

Document reference 
Komwihangilo, D. M. ; Goromela, E. H. ; Bwire, J. M. N., 1995. Indigenous knowledge in utilization of local trees and shrubs for sustainable livestock production in central Tanzania. Livest. Res. Rural Dev, 6 (3)

Questionnaire surveys were conducted in Singida and Dodoma regions (Semi arid Central Tanzania) in order to assess the potential of crop residues and natural vegetation as ruminant feeds during the dry season. Results obtained in relation to utilization of local trees and shrubs for livestock production indicate that Acacia tortilis, Dichrostachys cinerea and Ecborium species were some of the trees and shrubs well known to farmers and highly utilized in livestock feeding as indicated respectively by 73%, 40% and 20% of the respondents (n=121). Efforts of conserving many trees and shrubs were, however, very poor since only 12% of the respondents (n=121) established and managed some of these trees for livestock feeding. Other uses of local trees and shrubs such as treatment of animal diseases or disorders as well as treatment of some animal products such as milk into concentrated products are highlighted. Suggestions for efficient utilization of these endangered resources for sustainable livestock production under smallholder farmers' conditions are given.

Citation key 
Komwihangilo et al., 1995