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Assyrian plum (Cordia myxa)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 

Assyrian plum, clammy cherry, gonda, Indian cherry, sapistan, Sebesten plum, selu, Sudan teak [English]; Sébestier, bois savon [French]; Sebesteira, sebesteiro do Soudan [Portuguese]

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Assyrian plum is a multipurpose, perennial, medium sized, deciduous tree that is particularly suited in arid and semi-arid areas. Its fruits are edible and used in many dishes and for pickles. The wood makes good fuel or ornamental work. In South-East Asia, the leaves are used to feed livestock.  

Description

Assyrian plum is a deciduous, perennial shrub or small tree up to 12 m tall. Its bole may be tortuous or straight, it has a cracked bark, grey in colou. The crown is dense, the branches are crooked. The branchlets are hairy when young becoming glabrous at maturity. The leaves are alternate, simple, petiolated (0.5-4.5cm). The limb is cordate, 3-18 cm long × 3-20 cm broad. The inflorescence is a loose panicle, 3-8.5 cm long, many flowered. The flowers are unisexual, white to creamy in colour, slightly diferent in shape (campanulate or tubular campanulate for calyx),  and number of lobes in their corolla according to the sex. The fruits are drupes borne in bunches. They are yellow, apricot or blackish (when mature) in colour, globular-ovoid in shape, 2-3.5 cm in diameter. They contain a sweet tasting pulp, almost transparent, mucilaginous. The pit (pyrene) is broadly ellipsoid to globose, c. 12 mm long, deeply wrinkled, 1–2-seeded (Meghwal et al., 2014; Orwa et al., 2009; Oudhia, 2007).

Uses

Assyrian plum is a multipurpose tree that is mainly producing edible fruits but also provides wood for fuel and timber and fodder. It is suitable for arid and semi arid regions. Fresh unripe fruits are acrid and used for vegetable and pickles in times of food scarcity. The tree has environemental value as a shade provider. Some parts of the tree also have ethnomedicinal uses (Meghwal et al., 2014; Oudhia, 2007).

It grows throughout India except in high hills and temperate climates. This is a perennial, medium sized tree with crooked stem. It bears small sized fruits in bunches, used as traditional vegetable and pickles. Besides, it has number of other uses including medicine, fuel wood and ornamental wood work. Due to its drought tolerance ability, it is abundantly found in arid and semi arid regions of North and North West India. Its cultivation as planned orchards is limited and only scanty information about various aspects of the species is available.

Distribution 

Common in Southeast Asia.

Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 

The leaves are used as cattle fodder.

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 38.0 7.5 31.2 46.0 3
Crude protein % DM 13.5 3.0 10.1 15.8 3
Crude fibre % DM 20.2 6.1 14.7 26.7 3
Ether extract % DM 5.7 2.4 2.9 7.4 3
Ash % DM 14.1 2.1 12.6 16.5 3
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.6 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 24.9 1.0 23.7 25.6 3
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.1 0.3 1.8 2.4 3

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Malik et al., 1967; Sharma et al., 1966

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:39

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/163 Last updated on September 20, 2021, 18:22