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Chara et al., 1993. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 5 (1): 11-15

Document reference 
Chara, J. D. ; Suarez J. C., 1993. Utilization of distiller's by products and sugarcane juice as energy source for Peking ducks fed on whole soyabean and Azolla as protein sources. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., 5 (1): 11-15

Condensed vinaza (distiller's solubles of about 60 degrees Brix) replaced 0, 20, 40 or 60% of the soluble solids (Brix) in fresh sugar cane juice fed free choice to fattening Pekin ducks. All diets were complemented with 40 g/d (air dry basis) of whole soya beans (previously boiled for 30 minutes), azolla free choice and a vitamin-mineral supplement. For the first 22 days the ducks were housed indoors and fed a starter diet designed for broiler chickens. During the experiment (23 to 64 days), the ducks (3 replicates each of 10 ducks per treatment) were in a pond divided in 12 areas each with access to shelter on land where the feeds were offered. Liveweight gains were: 31, 31, 27 y 22 g/d and feed conversion (dry matter basis) 5.76, 4.82, 4.89 y 5.36, for vinaza replacement levels 0, 20, 40 y 60%.

Citation key 
Chara et al., 1993