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Paixao et al., 1989. Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec., 41 (4): 301-314

Document reference 
Paixao, A. M. D. S. P. ; Filho, G. C. D. A., 1989. Residues of poultry incubators as a potential food for carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Arq. Bras. Med. Vet. Zootec., 41 (4): 301-314

For 89 days, 64 common carp of mean initial weight about 12 g in 8 tanks at 22 to 25C were given at 5% liveweight per tank daily roughly isonitrogenous pelleted diets containing 25, 50, 75 or 0% incubator waste meal at the expense of commercial feed (Carpil). Daily weight gain, final weight and apparent feed and protein efficiency were highest with the diet containing 75% waste meal with metabolizable energy at 8.01 kcal/g protein. High dietary Ca with waste did not affect survival or carcass composition. Water quality indices were satisfactory.

Citation key 
Paixao et al., 1989