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Dahlan, 2000. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 13 (Supplement July 2000): 300-303

Document reference 
Dahlan, I., 2000. Oil palm frond, a feed for herbivores. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 13 (Supplement July 2000): 300-303

Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis jacq.) is a multipurpose tree; cultivated extensively in South East Asian countries and Africa. The primary oil palm product is palm oil, but processing by-products include palm press fiber, palm kernel cake and palm oil sludge which are used by the animal feed industry. Recently, oil palm frond (OPF) has been identified as a potential feed for herbivore livestock. The average weight of OFF pruned from a mature plant is 13.3 kg and total OFF production is about 5500 kg/ha/year. The dry matter I:DM), crude protein (CP), ash, ether extract (EE), crude fibre (CF), acid detergent fibre (ADF), lignin, calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) content of OFF has been shown to be 349, 70, 50. 24, 323, 536, 276, 4 and 9 g/kg respectively. The gross energy and metabolizable energy (MJ/kg DM) of OPE is 17.2 and 6.5 respectively. These data indicate that OFF, a low cost by-product available throughout the year, could be more widely used as a roughage source for ruminants and other herbivorous livestock.

Citation key 
Dahlan, 2000