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Sago (Metroxylon sagu) meal and by-products

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 
Sagu, sagou, sagoutier, sago palm
Synonyms 
Metroxylon rumphii (Willd.) Mart
Related feed(s) 
Description 
A palm tree up to 15 m high with large pinnate leaves and stout creeping or ascending stems. It is often cultivated and grows well in freshwater swamps. The sago palm is cultivated for the starch extracted from the pith of the sago palm stems.
Processes 
Sago meal is produced from the trunk when the tree is about twelve years old. The trunk is cut into sections, which are split lengthwise, and the soft material in the centre is scooped out. From this material starch is extracted by washing and straining. The starch is dried to yield sago meal or granulated to “pearl” sago. A single sago palm yields about 150-300 kg of sago. A normal freshwater swamp can produce fifty palms suitable for felling per hectare each year. The energy production per hectare is thus very high.
Nutritional aspects
Nutritional attributes 
Sago meal can be used for feeding either as flour or “rasp” obtained by mechanical rasping of the barked sago trunks. Sundried rasp gives a similar performance to that of sago flour when it is fed to cattle and older pigs. The meal is very digestible and can be fed to all classes of livestock.
Pigs 
Sago meal has been included up to 50% in pig diets.
Poultry 
Sago meal has been included up to 25% in poultry diets.
Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 85.1 1
Crude protein % DM 2.2 1
Crude fibre % DM 5.5 1
Ether extract % DM 1.4 1
Ash % DM 4.5 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.1 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 0.4 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 0.2 1
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 81.5 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 14.0 *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 0.0 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Lim Han Kuo, 1967; Woodman et al., 1931

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:59

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 77.3 1
Crude protein % DM 2.7 1
Crude fibre % DM 10.1 1
Ether extract % DM 0.3 1
Ash % DM 21.0 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 14.0 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 3.8 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 0.3 1
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 74.2 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 10.4 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Lim Han Kuo, 1967

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:59

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. https://feedipedia.org/node/126 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 17:13

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