Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Wheat straw

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 91.0 1.3 87.3 93.8 438  
Crude protein % DM 4.2 0.7 2.6 6.0 428  
Crude fibre % DM 41.5 2.1 36.6 46.2 438  
NDF % DM 77.5 4.2 65.4 86.0 85 *
ADF % DM 50.0 3.5 43.3 57.0 80 *
Lignin % DM 7.2 1.0 5.3 9.7 203  
Ether extract % DM 1.4 0.5 0.7 2.8 53  
Ash % DM 6.7 1.2 4.4 10.0 433  
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 1.0 0.6 0.1 2.6 114  
Total sugars % DM 1.2 0.9 0.3 5.7 138  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.5 0.6 16.0 18.5 18 *
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 4.8 1.1 2.8 7.9 226  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 0.7 0.2 0.3 1.2 226  
Potassium g/kg DM 11.2 4.6 5.4 21.2 40  
Sodium g/kg DM 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.4 143  
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.2 1.2 0.4 5.4 18  
Manganese mg/kg DM 32 19 12 60 5  
Zinc mg/kg DM 17 7 8 28 10  
Copper mg/kg DM 4 2 2 9 10  
Iron mg/kg DM 184 201 52 643 8  
               
Secondary metabolites Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Tannins (eq. tannic acid) g/kg DM 2.5       1  
Tannins, condensed (eq. catechin) g/kg DM 0.2       1  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, ruminants % 48.4 4.8 38.7 55.2 27 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 45.2   37.4 46.7 2 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.3         *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 6.8   5.4 6.8 2 *
ME ruminants (gas production) MJ/kg DM 5.0 0.9 4.1 5.8 3  
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 3.5 49.5 -69.3 85.0 15 *
a (N) % 38.4       1  
b (N) % 25.5       1  
c (N) h-1 0.056       1  
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=4%) % 53         *
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 51         *
               
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 12.3         *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 2.3         *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 2.0         *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 1.1         *
               
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Energy digestibility, rabbit % 18.8         *
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 3.5 2.7 1.2 6.4 3  
MEn rabbit MJ/kg DM 3.3         *
Nitrogen digestibility, rabbit % 60.0 33.9 35.1 98.7 3  

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

AFZ, 2011; Ait Amar, 2005; Alawa et al., 1984; Alibes et al., 1990; Al-Masry, 2003; Arieli et al., 1989; Aufrère et al., 1988; Belibasakis, 1984; Belibasakis, 1984; Carvalho et al., 2006; Chandra et al., 1971; Chermiti, 1997; CIRAD, 1991; Das et al., 1999; de Blas et al., 1989; De Boever et al., 1994; Demarquilly, 1987; Denek et al., 2004; Doyle et al., 1990; Dutta et al., 2004; Egan et al., 1975; Egan, 1974; Fernandez Carmona et al., 1996; Friesecke, 1970; Gippert et al., 1988; Gowda et al., 2004; Grimit, 1984; Habib et al., 1995; Haddad et al., 2001; Horton, 1979; IAV, 2009; Ibrahim et al., 1990; Jain et al., 1980; Kamra et al., 1989; Khanum et al., 2007; Kromann et al., 1977; Lindberg et al., 1982; Lindberg, 1981; Lopez et al., 2005; Maan et al., 2003; Maertens et al., 1981; Mann et al., 1988; Mason et al., 1988; McCann, 1985; McCartney et al., 2006; Miraglia et al., 1985; Molénat, 1995; Morgan et al., 1984; Mosi et al., 1985; Nandra et al., 1993; Noblet et al., 1989; Nsahlai et al., 1996; Parthasathy et al., 1982; Peteva-Vantcheva et al., 1976; Pozy et al., 1996; Rasool et al., 1998; Sehu et al., 1998; Shand et al., 1983; Sharma et al., 2008; Shi et al., 1993; Singh et al., 2005; Singh et al., 2011; Sudana et al., 1986; Tisserand et al., 1989; Turgut et al., 2004; Wainman et al., 1984; Weston et al., 1988; Weston et al., 1989; Weston, 1989; Wolter et al., 1979; Wolter et al., 1982

Last updated on 11/08/2014 00:20:32

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