Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Fonio (Digitaria exilis), grain

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 89.1 1.8 85.5 91.8 27  
Crude protein % DM 8.6 1.4 5.6 12 27  
Crude fibre % DM 6 3.4 1.4 8.6 6  
Ether extract % DM 3.9 1.2 0.6 6.5 17  
Ash % DM 3.9 1.8 1.5 7.5 24  
Insoluble ash % DM 6   1.8 10.1 2  
Neutral detergent fibre % DM 23.1         *
Acid detergent fibre % DM 7.3         *
Lignin % DM 1.4         *
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 68       1  
Total sugars % DM 1       1  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.2       1 *
               
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Lysine g/16g N 2.5 0.4 1.9 3.1 6  
Threonine g/16g N 3.7 0.3 3.3 4.1 6  
Methionine g/16g N 5.6 1 4.3 7.4 7  
Cystine g/16g N 2.6 0.4 2 3.1 6  
Methionine+cystine g/16g N 8.2       1 *
Tryptophan g/16g N 1.4       1  
Isoleucine g/16g N 4.2 0.5 3.7 5.1 6  
Valine g/16g N 5.4 0.3 5.1 5.8 6  
Leucine g/16g N 9.9 0.7 9.3 11.3 6  
Phenylalanine g/16g N 5.8 0.7 5.1 6.9 6  
Tyrosine g/16g N 2.9 0.4 2.7 3.6 6  
Phenylalanine+tyrosine g/16g N 8.8       1 *
Histidine g/16g N 2.2 0.08 2.1 2.3 6  
Arginine g/16g N 3.6 0.9 2.1 4.7 6  
Alanine g/16g N 9 0.3 8.4 9.4 6  
Aspartic acid g/16g N 6.7 0.3 6.4 7.2 6  
Glutamic acid g/16g N 21.2 1.8 18.8 23.6 6  
Glycine g/16g N 3 0.5 2.3 3.8 6  
Serine g/16g N 5.3 0.4 5 5.9 6  
Proline g/16g N 6 0.6 5.3 7.1 6  
               
Fatty acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Myristic acid C14:0 % fatty acids 0.1       1  
Palmitic acid C16:0 % fatty acids 15.4 0.9 14.5 16.8 5  
Palmitoleic acid C16:1 % fatty acids 0.3 0.03 0.2 0.3 5  
Stearic acid C18:0 % fatty acids 3.2 0.5 2.8 4.1 5  
Oleic acid C18:1 % fatty acids 31.3 0.7 30.5 32.1 5  
Linoleic acid C18:2 % fatty acids 47 0.8 45.7 47.6 5  
Linolenic acid C18:3 % fatty acids 1.1 0.2 0.8 1.3 5  
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 0.8 0.9 0.09 2.2 8  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.5   0.6 3.2 4  
Magnesium g/kg DM 31.2       1  
Manganese mg/kg DM 8       1  
Zinc mg/kg DM 32 3 27 36 12  
Copper mg/kg DM 4       1  
Iron mg/kg DM 346 148 145 573 11  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 13.6         *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 89.2         *
OM digestibility, ruminants % 92.1         *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 70.9         *
               
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 13.5         *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 13.2         *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 10.7         *
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 74.1         *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 75.6         *
               
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 13.3         *
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 13.1         *
               
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 14.2         *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Bama, 1999; Carbiener et al., 1960; CIRAD, 1991; de Lumen et al., 1993; Echendu et al., 2009; Fliedel et al., 2004; Glew et al., 2013; Koreissi-Dembélé et al., 2013; Mongodin et al., 1965; Nzelibe et al., 2000; Ukim et al., 2013

Last updated on 26/07/2019 19:30:12

Table status 
Finished
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