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Black cutch (Acacia catechu)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 

Black cutch, black catechu, khair, cutchtree [English]; Gerber-Akazie, Katechu-Akazie [German]; keo cao [Vietnamese]; السنط الكادي [Arabic]; 儿茶 [Chinese]; खैर [Hindi]; ಕಗ್ಗಲಿ [Kannada]; खयर [Maithili]; കരിങ്ങാലി [Malayalam]; செங்கருங்காலி [Tamil]; สีเสียดแก่น [Thai]

Synonyms 

Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. var. catechuoides (Roxb.) Prain, Acacia catechuoides (Roxb.) Benth., Acacia sundra (Roxb.) Bedd., Acacia wallichiana DC., Mimosa catechu L. f., Mimosa catechuoides Roxb.

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Moderate-sized deciduous tree of commercial value.

Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 

The leaves and small lower branches eaten by cattle.

Rabbits 

No information seems available in the international literature on the use of any parts of Acacia catechu in rabbit feeding (July 2017). Nevertheless, leaves of this multipurpose tree are traditionally used in India as fodder for sheep and goats (Singh et al., 2006). For this reason fresh leaves of black cutch could probably be also used to feed rabbits. However, some direct experiments would be welcome. At this occasion, a special attention should be paid to the valorisation of the proteins of this forage by rabbits, since nitrogen digestibility by ruminants was demonstrated significantly lower than that of Leucaena leucocephala or Morus alba leaves (Singh et al., 2000).

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Crude protein % DM 13.0 1
Crude fibre % DM 22.6 1
Ether extract % DM 4.6 1
Ash % DM 9.8 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.2 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 27.4 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 1.7 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 72.7 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 69.5 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.6 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.2 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 24.0 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Sen, 1938

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:47

References
References 
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. https://feedipedia.org/node/354 Last updated on July 20, 2017, 11:47