Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Black mulberry (Morus nigra)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 

Black mulberry, swartmoerbei, hei sang, mûrier noir, schwarzer maulbeerbaum, amoreira negra, moral negro, morera negra, small-fruited mulberry, mûrier à petits fruits,

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Rather small spreading tree up to 10 m high with dark heavy foliage, dark-coloured twigs and rather thick leaves. The leaves are used as cattle fodder.

Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 

The leaves are used as cattle fodder.

Rabbits 

International literature on the use of black mulberry leaves in rabbit feeding is very scarce in comparison with the number of publications dedicated to the use of white mulberry leaves. However Morus nigra leaves are traditionally used in the North of Italy by small farmers to feed their rabbits (Uncini Manganelli et al., 2001). Similarly, in Bulgaria leaves of the different Morus spp cultivated locally, Morus nigra included, are also used to feed rabbits (Ichim et al., 2008). In Nigeria leaves of the different types of Morus spp. are used with success to feed rabbits without distinction of the different species. (Bamikole et al., 2005).

The chemical composition of leaves of Morus nigra and of Morus alba cultivated in the same conditions is similar : 16-18% proteins or 19-22% NDF in DM (Guveb, 2012; Ercisli et al., 2007)). The situation is the same when Morus nigra leaves and those of other Morus spp are compared (Hutasoit et al., 2017). Studies conducted in Mozambique where fresh Morus nigra leaves were used as forage distributed regularly to rabbits in addition to low-fiber concentrate, confirm that these leaves had no negative effect on rabbit health during the experiments and are, therefore, recommendable as an alternative source of crude fibre (Demeterova et al., 1991; Demeterova, 1998).

According to these different remarks, it is reasonable to consider that black mulberry leaves can be used to feed rabbits in the same conditions than white mulberry leaves :  a forage  with a moderate level of fibre, a relatively high content of proteins rich in lysine but a poor content of sulphur amino acids, and a source of calcium but not of phosphorus (Lebas, 2013; Koyuncu et al., 2014).

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 38.3 1
Crude protein % DM 17.6 1
Crude fibre % DM 7.4 1
Ether extract % DM 11.5 1
Ash % DM 20.4 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.4 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 21.5 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 1.3 1
 
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Arginine % protein 5.8 1
Glycine % protein 5.6 1
Histidine % protein 2.1 1
Isoleucine % protein 4.6 1
Leucine % protein 8.7 1
Lysine % protein 4.2 1
Methionine % protein 1.8 1
Phenylalanine % protein 5.5 1
Threonine % protein 2.8 1
Tyrosine % protein 4.0 1
Valine % protein 5.7 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Gaulier, 1965; Malik et al., 1967

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:48

References
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/122 Last updated on February 11, 2019, 15:43

Image credits