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Almond kernels and by-products

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 

Almond, bitter almond, sweet almond, bian tao, amandier, amandier commun, mandel, mandelbaum, bittermandelbaum, amendo, amendoeira, amêndoa amarga, amêndoa doce, almendro

Synonyms 

Amygdalus communis L., Amygdalus dulcis Mill. (basionym), Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Prunus communis (L.) Arcang., Prunus dulcis var. amara (DC.) Buchheim

Related feed(s) 
Description 

A tree grown for its nuts. The outer portion of the almond fruit is similar to the fleshy portion of the peach. Inside this is the nut, consisting of a shell and a kernel surrounded by a thin skin. Almonds are sometimes extracted for their oil, which is used in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. The bitter variety (amara) is richer in amygdalin than the sweet variety (dulcis).

Distribution 

Mainly in the mediterranean countries and California

Nutritional aspects
Nutritional attributes 

The detoxified cake can be fed to all domestic animals, but it is usually sold to bakeries at a higher price.

Potential constraints 

The kernels and the oilcake contain the glucoside amygdalin, which can yield prussic acid. Kernels and cakes must therefore be cooked thoroughly before being used as feed.

Nutritional tables

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 86.6 5.2 69.5 91.8 18
Crude protein % DM 6.0 0.9 4.2 7.8 46
Crude fibre % DM 15.2 5.4 10.4 28.5 16
NDF % DM 32.6 3.6 25.1 39.7 42
ADF % DM 26.5 4.2 19.5 34.2 43
Lignin % DM 10.8 2.7 6.3 16.1 37
Ether extract % DM 3.1 0.7 2.3 5.2 37
Ash % DM 7.3 1.9 4.8 11.5 47
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.6 2.2 15.1 19.7 4 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 2.9 0.9 2.2 7.0 30
Phosphorus g/kg DM 1.2 0.6 0.6 3.8 33
Potassium g/kg DM 26.2 1.8 22.7 29.0 26
Sodium g/kg DM 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.5 21
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.2 0.5 0.8 3.7 29
Manganese mg/kg DM 18 5 12 31 26
Zinc mg/kg DM 17 6 9 30 25
Copper mg/kg DM 6 4 2 14 20
Iron mg/kg DM 236 104 108 436 25
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 63.4 3.3 56.7 66.7 7
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 59.5 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.5 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.7 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

AFZ, 2011; Alibes et al., 1983; Alibes et al., 1990; Arosemena et al., 1995; DePeters et al., 1997; DePeters et al., 2000; Fadel, 1992; Getachew et al., 2004; IAV, 2009; Obradovic, 1969; Tisserand et al., 1989; Weir, 1951

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:36

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 94.5 0.7 93.7 95.3 4
Crude protein % DM 21.4 2.1 18.6 23.6 4
Crude fibre % DM 2.5 0.2 2.2 2.7 4
NDF % DM 5.0 0.4 4.6 5.5 3
ADF % DM 3.3 0.4 2.9 3.6 3
Lignin % DM 0.7 0.2 0.6 0.9 3
Ether extract % DM 57.4 2.9 54.1 60.5 4
Ash % DM 3.3 0.2 3.0 3.4 4
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 30.7 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 2.7 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 5.2 1
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 86.2 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 26.5 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Saura-Calixto et al., 1983; Watt et al., 1950

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:36

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Crude protein % DM 10.5 1
Crude fibre % DM 23.5 1
Ether extract % DM 5.5 1
Ash % DM 6.5 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.9 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 53.2 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 10.0 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Kneeland, 1958

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:36

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 89.3 1
Crude protein % DM 47.9 1
Crude fibre % DM 4.2 1
Ether extract % DM 4.3 1
Ash % DM 6.4 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 20.2 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Morgan et al., 1930

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:36

References
References 
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. https://feedipedia.org/node/27 Last updated on April 15, 2010, 16:52

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