Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Barley grain

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 87.1 1.3 82.8 91.6 17310
Crude protein % DM 11.8 1.1 8.5 16.1 15723
Crude fibre % DM 5.2 0.8 3.1 8.2 14398
NDF % DM 21.7 3.2 14.7 30.0 1068
ADF % DM 6.4 0.9 4.4 8.7 1090
Lignin % DM 1.1 0.3 0.6 2.0 987
Ether extract % DM 2.0 0.3 1.2 2.9 4388
Ash % DM 2.6 0.3 1.9 3.4 4720
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 59.7 2.3 52.2 66.8 9706
Total sugars % DM 2.8 0.7 1.4 4.4 594
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.4 0.1 18.1 18.7 304 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 0.8 0.4 0.1 1.8 974
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.9 0.3 3.0 4.9 1613
Potassium g/kg DM 5.7 0.6 4.5 7.2 87
Sodium g/kg DM 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.3 233
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.3 0.2 0.9 2.0 88
Manganese mg/kg DM 19 3 13 24 54
Zinc mg/kg DM 30 4 24 44 65
Copper mg/kg DM 12 5 5 20 56
Iron mg/kg DM 184 119 52 468 57
 
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Alanine % protein 4.1 0.3 3.5 4.6 103
Arginine % protein 4.7 0.4 3.9 5.5 108
Aspartic acid % protein 5.8 0.4 5.0 6.6 104
Cystine % protein 2.2 0.2 1.9 2.7 109
Glutamic acid % protein 22.8 1.5 19.6 26.0 102
Glycine % protein 4.0 0.2 3.5 4.5 105
Histidine % protein 2.2 0.2 1.8 2.8 90
Isoleucine % protein 3.6 0.2 3.2 4.0 117
Leucine % protein 6.8 0.3 6.1 7.5 117
Lysine % protein 3.7 0.3 3.2 4.3 315
Methionine % protein 1.7 0.2 1.4 2.1 117
Phenylalanine % protein 4.9 0.3 4.3 5.4 113
Proline % protein 10.5 0.9 8.5 12.0 53
Serine % protein 4.2 0.2 3.7 4.7 103
Threonine % protein 3.4 0.2 3.0 3.9 118
Tryptophan % protein 1.2 0.1 1.1 1.4 52
Tyrosine % protein 2.8 0.4 1.5 3.5 55
Valine % protein 5.0 0.3 4.3 5.7 116
 
Secondary metabolites Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Tannins (eq. tannic acid) g/kg DM 0.8 1.4 0.2 4.9 15
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 83.2 17.6 41.2 86.4 12 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 80.7 21.4 38.4 82.1 6 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 14.8 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.4 0.4 5.4 12.4 4 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 66.6 12.4 63.6 91.0 4 *
a (N) % 15.5 10.0 7.0 29.6 5
b (N) % 74.7 8.6 63.2 87.1 5
c (N) h-1 0.168 0.105 0.097 0.340 5
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=4%) % 76 71 86 2 *
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 71 6 61 83 21 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 80.6 1.7 76.7 82.9 30 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 14.8 0.4 13.8 15.2 35 *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 14.3 0.3 13.8 14.8 11 *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 11.1 *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 76.2 9.4 52.4 87.0 12
 
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 13.2 0.5 13.2 15.3 10 *
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 11.3 0.4 11.3 13.1 19 *
 
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, rabbit % 79.0 75.7 79.1 2 *
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 14.5 0.5 13.9 14.9 3
MEn rabbit MJ/kg DM 14.1 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

ADAS, 1988; AFZ, 2011; Aguilera et al., 1985; AIRFAF, 1994; AIRFAF, 1996; AIRFAF, 1997; AIRFAF, 1998; AIRFAF, 1999; AIRFAF, 1999; Arieli et al., 1989; Aufrère et al., 1988; Aufrère et al., 1991; Aw-Yong et al., 1983; Bach Knudsen, 1997; Batajoo et al., 1998; Beames et al., 1996; Belibasakis, 1984; Belibasakis, 1984; Bell et al., 1989; Bell et al., 1993; Ben-Ghedalia et al., 1988; Bochi-Brum et al., 1999; Bourdon et al., 1986; Buraczewska et al., 1987; Carré et al., 1986; Cave, 1988; Cilliers et al., 1998; CIRAD, 1991; Cirad, 2008; Coates et al., 1977; Davidson et al., 1978; De Boever et al., 1984; De Boever et al., 1988; De Boever et al., 1994; de Lange et al., 1991; Demarquilly, 1987; Dewar, 1967; Eggum et al., 1984; El Maadoudi, 2004; El-Hag et al., 1992; Erdman et al., 1987; Etienne, 1985; Fadel, 1992; Fan et al., 1995; Fekete et al., 1986; Fernandez Carmona et al., 1996; Gibb et al., 2004; Göhl et al., 1976; Goodband et al., 1988; Green et al., 1987; Greife et al., 1985; Grings et al., 1992; Han et al., 1976; Hanczakowski et al., 1979; Harrold et al., 1993; Harrold et al., 1994; Harrold et al., 1995; Heger et al., 1983; Henry et al., 1973; Henry et al., 1975; Herrera-Saldana et al., 1990; Huet et al., 1988; Huhtanen, 1988; Imbeah et al., 1988; Israelsen et al., 1978; ITCF, 1994; ITCF-ONIC, 1990; ITCF-ONIC, 1991; ITCF-ONIC, 1992; ITCF-ONIC, 1992; Jentsch et al., 1992; Jongbloed et al., 1990; Kamel et al., 1981; Kandylis et al., 1986; Karunajeewa et al., 1984; Kendall et al., 1982; Landry et al., 1988; Lechevestrier, 1996; Leeson et al., 1974; Leterme et al., 1989; Lin et al., 1987; Lindberg et al., 1982; Lindberg, 1981; Lindberg, 1981; Livingstone et al., 1977; Lund et al., 2008; Madsen et al., 1984; Maertens et al., 1981; Maertens et al., 1985; Mason et al., 1988; Maupetit et al., 1992; May et al., 1971; McNiven et al., 1994; Mondal et al., 2008; Morgan et al., 1975; Morgan et al., 1984; Narang et al., 1985; Näsi, 1984; Nehring et al., 1963; Neumark, 1970; Noblet et al., 1989; Noblet et al., 1997; Oksbjerg et al., 1988; O'Shea et al., 1986; Partanen et al., 1994; Partanen, 1994; Perez et al., 1980; Perez et al., 1982; Perez et al., 1984; Perez, 1989; Petit, 1992; Pettersson et al., 1987; Pozy et al., 1996; Ramsey et al., 2001; Rooke et al., 1997; Schang et al., 1982; Schöne et al., 1996; Sibbald, 1979; Singh et al., 2006; Skiba et al., 2000; Skiba et al., 2007; Smith et al., 1986; Smolders et al., 1990; Steen, 1993; Storey et al., 1982; Susmel et al., 1989; Taghizadeh et al., 2005; Taira, 1965; Taverner et al., 1981; Thielemans et al., 1991; Umucalilar et al., 2002; Valaja et al., 1994; Valentine et al., 1987; Valentine et al., 1988; Van Cauwenberghe et al., 1996; Van Lunen et al., 1989; Vargas et al., 1965; Vérité et al., 1990; Vervaeke et al., 1989; Wainman et al., 1984; Weisbjerg et al., 1996; Wiseman et al., 1992; Wolter et al., 1982; Woods et al., 2003; Yamazaki et al., 1986; Yang et al., 2001; Yang et al., 2001

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:31

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